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Short-term Strategies to Improve Reentry of Jail Populations: Expanding and Implementing the APIC Model

NCJ Number
Fred C. Osher, M.D.
Date Published
February 2007
8 pages
This article presents the features of the APIC model for preparing jail inmates to reenter the community upon release, followed by a review of jails' experiences with this model.
The APIC model's components are reflected in its acronym: "Assess, Plan, Identify, and Coordinate." Under the APIC model, the goals of assessment involve collecting as much relevant information as possible as early as possible upon admission to the jail. Validated screening tools and measures should be used in identifying inmate needs in all life domains: demography, health, family, housing, employment, diet, etc. The "Planning" component of the model focuses on the development of a strategy for meeting various inmate needs while in custody and upon release. Reentry planning should focus on housing; health care, including mental health and substance abuse; and income support and employment. The model's "Identification" component involves identifying "how, where, when, and with whom" the individual will receive needed services and assistance upon reentry. The "Coordination" component of the model involves the organization and management of the jail so as to ensure that all components of the APIC model are implemented for each person admitted for custody. This model and checklist has made corrections agencies and jail managers aware of preparing inmates for reentry into the community from the time they are admitted to the jail. Whether or not this model or an adapted version will be successfully implemented depends on community priorities and the willingness to use the opportunity afforded by incarceration to improve health and safety outcomes for jailed individuals. 24 references