Corrections refers to the supervision of persons arrested for, convicted of, or sentenced for criminal offenses. Correctional populations fall into two general categories: institutional corrections and community corrections. Correctional officers play a pivotal role in protecting public safety. They separate individuals convicted of crimes from communities as they serve out their sentences, and they also help those who have completed their sentences to live law-abiding lives through a variety of reentry services.
Through various funding opportunities, research, and more, the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) is working to provide critical information and resources to corrections personnel and to support corrections programming.
Programs & Initiatives
Following are examples of programs and initiatives from OJP and the OJP program offices related to this topic:
- National Parole Resource Center
- National Reentry Resource Center
- Prison Rape Elimination Act
- Public Safety Officers’ Benefits (PSOB) Program
Training & Technical Assistance
Visit the following sites to learn about training and technical assistance services from and supported by OJP program offices:
Frequently Asked Questions
The National Institute of Justice's CrimeSolutions website uses rigorous research to inform practitioners and policy makers about what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice, and crime victim services. Visit the Corrections & Reentry section of the site to view research on program effectiveness reviewed and rated by CrimeSolutions Researchers and Reviewers.
Also see the following sites for additional information and resources:
Information about and access to findings from Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) recidivism studies is available on the Recidivism and Reentry section of the BJS website. Also see BJS's Prisoner Recidivism Data Analysis Tool, which you can use to calculate recidivism rates for persons released from state prisons in 2005.
Information on juvenile sex offenders is available in the following Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention resources: Juveniles Who Have Sexually Offended: A Review of the Professional Literature and Juvenile Sex Offender Research Bibliography. Also view the Juvenile Sex Offenders resources and the Juvenile Section Research Briefs from the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking.