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Creating Safe and Welcoming Schools for LGBT Students: Ethical and Legal Issues

NCJ Number
Journal of School Violence Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Dated: 2013 Pages: 98-115
Susan Jacob
Date Published
18 pages
This article addresses ethical and legal issues associated with creating safe and welcoming schools for lesbian, gay, biattractional, and transgender LGBT youth and for students who simply do not conform to gender-role stereotypes.
Ethical principles and standards that create a responsibility for educators to foster a learning environment respectful of the worth and dignity of all students are discussed first. Law related to discrimination against and harassment of LGBT students is then summarized. Special attention is given to the controversy ignited by the U.S. Department of Education's 2010 interpretation of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 that requires schools receiving Federal funds to take steps to prevent bullying of students on the basis of sex, including harassment based on a student's nonconformity to gender role expectations. Finally, implications of ethical principles and law for school district practices regarding LGBT students are identified. Abstract published by arrangement with Taylor and Francis.