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Threatening and Otherwise Inappropriate Letters to Members of the United States Congress

NCJ Number
Journal of Forensic Sciences Dated: (September 1991) Pages: 1445-1468
Date Published
24 pages
This study examined the characteristics of threatening and otherwise inappropriate communications sent to members of the U.S. Congress by a sample of 86 subjects, 20 of whom threatened assassination.

The authors quote excerpts from these letters and provide quantitative data on such variables as the volume, duration, form, and appearance of such communications; the enclosures; the subjects' perceived relationships to the recipients; the thematic content of the communications; and the messages and threats communicated. Comparisons between 43 subjects who pursued encounters with members of Congress and 43 who did not revealed 17 factors associated with such pursuit. In this population, threateners were significantly less likely to pursue an encounter than inappropriate letter writers who did not threaten, regardless of the type of threat or the harm threatened. Inappropriate letters to members of Congress were compared with those sent to Hollywood celebrities. Mentally disordered persons who write to public figures often mention and sometimes threaten public figures other than those to whom the letters are addressed, which raises important issues regarding notification of endangered third parties and the sharing of information among protective agencies. 4 tables and 7 references

Date Published: January 1, 1991