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The Seasonality of School Climate

NCJ Number
School Psychology Review Volume: Online Dated: 2023
Date Published

In this paper, the authors provide insights into the change in school climate over the course of a school year, addressing a gap in school improvement efforts by showing that attention should be paid to when school climate is measured.


Although several studies have focused on why school climate is important, the timing of the collection of climate measures should be considered. This is of particular interest to schools that gauge school improvement efforts within a school year and are interested in how climate changes from the beginning to the end of the academic year. The authors show that there is a tendency for school-level climate measures to fluctuate in a predictable, nontrivial manner. Findings are based on data from 26 secondary schools, using more than 20,000 student responses, that had school climate measures taken in the Fall and Spring over 18 months. The authors show that in the Fall, on average, students consistently had a more favorable outlook of the school based on five climate measures. Publisher Abstract Provided

Date Published: January 1, 2023