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Deterring Alcohol-Impaired Driving - A Comparative Analysis of Compliance in Norway and the United States

NCJ Number
Justice Quarterly Volume: 3 Issue: 2 Dated: (June 1986) Pages: 139-165
Date Published
27 pages
National probability samples of licensed drivers in the United States (N = 1,000) and Norway (N=1,012) revealed higher levels of legal knowledge, moral commitment, and drinking-driving compliance for Norwegians than Americans.
Previous causal analysis has failed to demonstrate the deterrent effectiveness of tough Scandinavian drinking-driving laws. In contrast to earlier research which examined legal threat as the sole determinant of control (simple deterrence), the present investigation was more broadly construed to include a range of other social and psychological influences (general deterrence). The findings tend to support Andenaes' theory of general prevention, and they raise fundamental questions about treating law as a simple intervention which is wholly amenable to causal analysis. Tables and approximately 50 references. (Author abstract)

Date Published: January 1, 1986