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Victim Advocacy Introductory Manual: Working With Victims of Crime

NCJ Number
Date Published
37 pages
This manual is intended as a practical tool for all sectors of Kosovo society that deal with crime victims and as a means of facilitating the development of a comprehensive and integrated system of victim advocacy in Kosovo.
This manual is a product of the presentations, workshops, focus groups, and materials presented at the Victim Advocacy Conference held in Prishtine/Pristina, December 1-3, 2001, which was planned to be an initial step in the development of a comprehensive and integrated system of crime-victim advocacy and the protection of human rights in Kosovo. In Kosovo, the applicable criminal procedure law defines the rights of victims with legal status in the criminal justice process, but this does not include the broad definition of a victim or the other principles of justice detailed in the United Nations Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power. This manual presents a variety of mechanisms, models, and skills involved in crime-victim responses, including victim-based legislation and regulations, governmental policies, compensation funding and development of victim services, the impact of victimization, and special considerations for assisting various types of victims. The manual defines a "crime victim" and identifies high-risk victims and populations. Another section of the manual addresses the physical and psychological impact of victimization, along with "secondary victimization." Special considerations are described for child victims; victims with mental disabilities; and victims of domestic violence, trafficking, and sexual violence. Remaining sections of the manual discuss information and support for victims throughout the criminal justice process, as well as reparation for victims through compensation and services.