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Social Service and Citizen Involvement (From Handbook on Crime and Delinquency Prevention, P 223-240, 1987, Elmer H Johnson, ed. - See NCJ-105398)

NCJ Number
R B Coates
Date Published
18 pages
Following a historical review of patterns of citizen involvement in crime and delinquency prevention, this paper identifies opportunities for citizen participation in crime prevention, followed by descriptions of ways such citizen involvement can be promoted and enhanced.
In 19th century rural America, crime and delinquency prevention was handled informally by families, schools, churches, and, as a last resort, the police and courts, often through informal dispositions. Urbanization has increased dependence upon criminal justice and social service professionals for crime prevention. In recent years, policymakers have emphasized cooperative crime prevention efforts that involve lay citizens as well as criminal justice and social service agencies. Citizen crime prevention tasks can include volunteer direct service roles, advocacy, dispute mediation, self-help and mutual-help service, and public education. Measures that promote and enhance citizen involvement are incentives, recruitment, screening, training, and supervision. 28 notes and 9-item bibliography.