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Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) for State Prisoners Program FAQs

NCJ Number
Date Published
August 2022
5 pages

This report reviews the authorizing federal legislation for and the features of the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) for State Prisoners Program, as well as  frequently asked questions (FAQ) regarding accessing its benefits.


The RSAT for State Prisoners Program’s objectives are 1) to enhance the capabilities of state, local, and Indian tribal governments to provide essential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment to adult and juvenile populations during detention or incarceration; 2) prepare them for  their reintegration into a community by incorporating reentry planning activities into their treatment programs; and 3) assist them and their communities throughout the reentry process by delivering community-based treatment and other broad-based aftercare services. The RSAT Program was created under the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The FAQ section of this report addresses 1) the types of programs that may be supported using RSAT funds; 2) entities eligible to receive RSAT funding; 3) whether states can award subgrants; 4) the types of programs that may be supported using RSAT for state prisoners program funds; 4) the features of a residential program; 5) the features of evidence- or science-based SUD treatment programs that may be implemented; 6) whether states must use RSAT funds to support residential or jail-based SUD treatment programming; and 7) other options supported by RSAT funding.