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A Multivariate Heavy-tailed Integer-valued GARCH Process with EM Algorithm-based Inference

NCJ Number
Yuhyeong Jang; Raanju R. Sundararajan; Wagner Barreto-Souza
Date Published
February 2024

This publication introduces a new multivariate integer-valued Generalized AutoRegressive Conditional Heteroscedastic (GARCH) process.


A new multivariate integer-valued Generalized AutoRegressive Conditional Heteroscedastic (GARCH) process based on a multivariate Poisson generalized inverse Gaussian distribution is proposed. The estimation of parameters of the proposed multivariate heavy-tailed count time series model via maximum likelihood method is challenging since the likelihood function involves a Bessel function that depends on the multivariate counts and its dimension. As a consequence, numerical instability is often experienced in optimization procedures. To overcome this computational problem, two feasible variants of the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm are proposed for estimating the parameters of this model under low and high-dimensional settings. These EM algorithm variants provide computational benefits and help avoid the difficult direct optimization of the likelihood function from the proposed process. This model and proposed estimation procedures can handle multiple features such as modeling of multivariate counts, heavy-tailedness, overdispersion, accommodation of outliers, allowances for both positive and negative autocorrelations, estimation of cross/contemporaneous-correlation, and the efficient estimation of parameters from both statistical and computational points of view. Extensive Monte Carlo simulation studies are presented to assess the performance of the proposed EM algorithms. Two empirical applications of this approach are provided. The first application concerns modeling bivariate count time series data on cannabis possession-related offenses in Australia, while the second one involves modeling intraday high-frequency financial transactions data from multiple holdings in the U.S. financial market. (Published Abstract Provided)