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International Narcotics Control Strategy Report, March 1999

NCJ Number
Date Published
779 pages
This report reviews 1998 U.S. and cooperative international drug law enforcement efforts, as well as drug control strategies, and presents the international drug-control strategy for 1999.
This study used data maintained by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, including the original Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) survey, the revised UCR survey, the Youth Court Survey, and the survey of youth correctional agencies. The original, aggregate UCR (police) surveys encompasses data on changes in the number of young females charged between 1986 and 1995. In this decade, the number of females charged increased by 52 percent, compared to a 7-percent increase for males. This pattern was found, to a greater or lesser extent, in every Province except Quebec. The percentage of all youth charged who are female increased from 16 percent in 1986 to 21 percent in 1995. These increases were due to increases in the numbers and proportions of offenses against the person, primarily the less serious offenses such as assault level one and summary/hybrid "other" offenses, such as offenses against the administration of justice. The UCR survey also showed that the mix of offenses with which young females were charged differed by jurisdiction. Overall, police statistics on female offending and charging suggest that although female involvement in officially recorded crime has increased in recent years, the increase has mainly occurred in less serious offenses against the person and in victimless offenses such as offenses against the administration of justice. Data on the processing of female juvenile delinquents cover 1986-87 through 1993-94. During this period, there was a 51-percent increase in the number of cases in Youth Court involving female accused. The majority of females accused in Youth Court were found guilty. Data are also provided on dispositions, correctional services, and recidivism. Extensive tabular and graphic data on female offenders for the Nation as a whole and for individual Provinces