U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Individual, Group, and Family Interventions (From Handbook of Juvenile Delinquency, P 290-324, 1987, Herbert C Quay, ed. -- See NCJ-106369)

NCJ Number
D A Gordon; J Arbuthnot
Date Published
35 pages
This chapter describes individual, group, and family approaches to intervention with juvenile delinquents and reviews related evaluative research.
Findings have been relatively consistent in showing a lack of significant treatment effects for individual psychotherapy and casework. Individual behavioral interventions such as contingency management have shown greater success, particularly when targeted behaviors are discrete, the youth has some input, and behaviors have consistent and meaningful consequences. Cognitive developmental interventions focusing on interpersonal problemsolving, role-taking, impulse control, and sociomoral reasoning, likewise, have shown successes both in skills acquisition and behavioral improvement. Behaviorally oriented, skills-training family interventions also have shown success in promoting behavioral improvements. While such treatments have been found effective in modifying behaviors, effects on recidivism have not been as apparent. Approximately 140 references.