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Historically Black College and University Campus Sexual Assault (HBCU-CSA) Study

NCJ Number
Christopher P. Krebs Ph.D.; Christine H. Lindquist Ph.D.; Kelle Barrick Ph.D.
Date Published
February 2011
93 pages
This study documents the prevalence of sexual assault (rape and other forms of unwanted sexual contact) on historically Black college and university campuses and also examines associated personal and behavioral factors, context, consequences, and reporting, along with campus police and service-provider perspectives on sexual victimization and student attitudes toward law enforcement and prevention measures.

Of the 3,951 women involved in the study, 14.9 percent reported an attempted or completed sexual assault before entering college, and 14.2 percent reported experiencing an attempted or completed sexual assault since entering college. The prevalence of sexual assaults that occurred when the victim was incapacitated was higher since entering college (6.2 percent) than before entering college. Different victim factors were associated with specific types of sexual assault (forced or incapacitated). Descriptive analyses of the context, consequences, and reporting of sexual assault also suggest differences between victims of forced sexual assault and sexual assault while incapacitated. The most common university practices and policies that improve responses to sexual assault incidents were having an official sexual assault protocol; campus police regularly referring sexual assault victims to university victim's, health, or crisis centers; campus law enforcement maintaining a daily crime log available to the public; and campus police providing annual records of reported crime to the institution for the annual security report. The current study advises that universities must address the dangers of alcohol use as a risk factor for sexual assault. The study involved a Web-based survey of undergraduate women at four historically Black colleges or universities, which varied in size, geography, and type (public or private). The survey was administered in the fall of 2008 and involved 3,951 undergraduate women. 13 tables, 5 figures, and 74 references