U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Federal, District of Columbia, and States Future Prison and Correctional Institution Populations and Capacities

NCJ Number
Date Published
90 pages
This study obtained data and projections on inmate populations for Federal, State, and District of Columbia correctional facilities for 1983-90 to identify the potential deficit or surplus in bedspace and estimate construction costs to reduce crowding. In the Federal prison
In the Federal prison system, the deficit in bedspace will be 10,853 in 1990, producing an overcrowding of 40 percent, and in the District of Columbia, overcrowding rates will remain constant at 10.4 percent from fiscal years 1987 through 1990. State prisons and correctional institutions will have a prison bedspace deficit of 108,324 and an overcrowding rate of 25.8 percent in 1990. Capital costs to reduce overcrowding to 1.4 percent in the Federal Prison System by fiscal year 1988 are projected at $310 million in 1983 constant dollars. The District of Columbia Department of Corrections projects a capital cost of $59.9 million to house projected 1988 inmate populations. The housing of projected 1990 inmate populations in State correctional facilities would require estimated capital costs of $4.7 billion. Appended methodology and tabular data.