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Ecology of Crime and Its Implications for Prevention: An Ontario Study

NCJ Number
Canadian Journal of Criminology Volume: 32 Issue: 1 Dated: (January 1990) Pages: 155-171
A Rattner; C McKie
Date Published
17 pages
This ecological study, conducted in the Canadian Province of Ontario, identified correlates of property crime and violent crime to guide crime prevention through social development efforts.
The study found that the proportion of native people and the unemployment rate constituted the best predictors of the violent crime rate in Ontario communities. The property crime rate, on the other hand, was most closely linked to the demographic characteristics of the communities (e.g., the proportion of young males in the population). Fundamental improvements in the social and economic conditions under which native Canadians live would seem to be the single most effective strategy for preventing violent crime. This means the living conditions of Ontario's native people must be greatly improved in accordance with the recommendations of the Canadian Council on Social Development (1984). Property crime might be addressed by increasing the constructive community involvement of young men. A large pool of unemployed young men is a principal factor in property crimes. 3 tables, 4 notes, 31 references.