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Counter-Terrorism Strategies in Indonesia, Algeria and Saudi Arabia

NCJ Number
Noorhaidi Hasan; Bertus Hendriks; Floor Janssen; Roel Meijer
Roel Meijer
Date Published
181 pages
This report from the Netherlands Institute of International Relations examines counterterrorism strategies in Indonesia, Algeria, and Saudi Arabia.
Using a diversity of sources, this report examines counterterrorism strategies in three different countries: Indonesia, Algeria, and Saudi Arabia. The research consisted of identifying the main general and specific characteristics of counterterrorism efforts in the three countries; examining the historical background and context of violence and violent confrontations in the three countries; identifying the political, cultural, and religious contexts in which the counterterrorism measures have been developed, and identifying each country's definition of terrorism; examining the balance between hard and soft counterterrorism measures in the three countries; and determining whether each country has developed a comprehensive strategy and what is meant by the strategy. The first section of the report looks at Indonesia's population-centric strategy and how Islamic radicalism has affected the strategy. The second section of the report discusses Algeria's counterterrorism efforts that were developed following the country's crackdown on Islamist armed groups and the surrender of many insurgents following implementation of amnesty laws. The third section of the report discusses Saudi Arabia's counterterrorism efforts that are rooted in the country's political, religious, and military contexts.