U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Comparison of State Adult and Juvenile Correctional Systems: 1994

NCJ Number
J R Rowan
Date Published
15 pages
This paper reports the findings of a survey that compared State adult and juvenile correctional systems in 1994.
Thirty-five States and the District of Columbia responded regarding juvenile corrections, and all 50 States and the District of Columbia responded to the adult corrections survey. Correctional officers working in adult facilities received 224 hours of entrance/pre-service training, while juvenile caseworkers performing the same duties received only 102 hours. Juvenile caseworkers had a 77-percent greater staff turnover per year. Juvenile caseworkers were assaulted 71 percent more often and had 290 percent more assaults which required medical attention. The paper also presents comparative data on level of education required for hiring, staffing, per-capita costs, salaries and ethnicity of line staff. Several of the categories include recommendations for corrective actions. The article is accompanied by a news release regarding the study results, a 1992 article on injustices in the juvenile justice system, and suggestions on how Criminal and Juvenile Justice International, Inc., can help. References, notes