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Automatable Full Demineralization DNA Extraction Procedure From Degraded Skeletal Remains

NCJ Number
Forensic Science International: Genetics Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Dated: May 2012 Pages: 398-406
Sylvain Armory; Rene Huel; Ana Bilic; Odile Loreille; Thomas J. Parsons
Date Published
May 2012
9 pages
This study compared the performance of ICMP's original protocol against an automatable full demineralization approach in extracting DNA from degraded sketetal remains.
During the 7 year period from 2002 to 2009 a high volume, silica-binding DNA extraction protocol for bone, based on modified QIAGEN's Blood Maxi Kit protocol was highly successful permitting the DNA matching of greater than 14,500 missing persons from former Yugoslavia. This method, however, requires large amount of bone material and large volumes of reagents. The logical evolution was to develop a more efficient extraction protocol for bone samples that uses significantly less starting material while increasing the success in obtaining DNA results from smaller, more challenging samples. In order to provide reliable results and to simulate a wide variety of cases, the authors analyzed 40 bone samples in a comparative study based on DNA concentrations and quality of resulting STR profiles. The new protocol results in the dissolution of the entire bone powder sample, thus eliminating the possibility that DNA is left behind, locked in remaining solid bone matrix. For the majority of samples tested, the DNA concentrations obtained from half a gram of fully digested bone material were equivalent to or greater than the ones obtained from 2g of partially demineralized bone powder. Furthermore, the full demineralization process significantly increases the proportion of full profiles reflecting the correlation with better DNA quality. This method has been adapted for the QIAcube robotic platform. The performance of this automated full demineralization protocol is similar to the manual version and increases overall lab throughput. It also simplifies the process by eliminating quality control procedures that are advisable in manual procedures, and overall reduces the chance of human error. Finally the authors described a simple and efficient post-extraction clean-up method that can be applied to DNA extracts obtained from different protocols. This protocol has also been adjusted for the QIAcube platform. (Published Abstract)


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