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Assessing the Risk of Re-Offending for Juvenile Offenders Using the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory

NCJ Number
Journal of Offender Rehabilitation Volume: 45 Issue: 3/4 Dated: 2007 Pages: 85-108
Kristin Bechtel; Christopher T. Lowenkamp; Edward Latessa
Date Published
24 pages
This study examined the predictive validity of the Youth Level of Service Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI), an instrument that assesses, classifies, and assists agencies with developing treatment and service plans according to the offender’s criminogenic risk factors
Results indicated the validity of the YLS/CMI in predicting recidivism for both settings. The study included both institutionalized and community-sentenced youth, thereby not limiting the scope to only one setting. As a predictive validity of the YLS/CMI on a sample of 4,482 Ohio youth who received either a community-based sentence (1,106) or an institutionally-based sentenced (3,376), multiple analyses revealed that the instrument demonstrated predictive validity for both groups and might be a stronger predictor for the community-sentences offenders than that of the institutionalized group. Moreover, the assessment was able to discriminate the adjusted risk level categorizations for the youth in both sentencing types. There appeared to be significant support for the capability of the YLS/CMI to properly classify youth by risk level and to predict the likelihood for future recidivating. The study included several strengths to address the previous limitations of former studies. The overall sample size was 4,482 and is the largest noted sample size in the reviewed research. Assessments on the YLS/CMI included the semistructured interviews and review of information in a youth’s file, rather than a retrospective scoring of the instrument with only a juvenile’s records. The followup period was relatively longer that past research, approximately 3.4 years. Limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed. Tables, notes, references