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Abidjan (Ivory Coast) Conference - Paper Presented by the Representative of the Cameroons (From Crime Prevention and Planning, P 162-176, 1974 - See NCJ-70605)

NCJ Number
M F X Mbouyom
Date Published
15 pages
Delineation of a 5-year plan for economic growth in the Cameroons begun in 1974 includes education, public health, urban development, crime prevention, and a national civil service to promote national development.
The Cameroons population (about 5.8 million in 1974) is presently moving in great numbers from rural villages to the cities, which leads to overcrowding, unemployment, and crime. Moreover, the population is growing at an annual rate of 2.1 percent, increasing productivity and the cost of development. Education is deemed crucial to social stability and growth; the present plan sets objectives for primary and secondary schools that emphasize improved teaching skills and encouraging citizens to pursue technical vocations to aid in national development. The goals of public health planning are care, disease prevention, and education, to be achieved by increasing the numbers of doctors and nurses, improving rural medicine, and creating public health centers and social services. The aims of urban development are adequate city planning for cities of over 5,000 people, which will involve renovation, new construction, adequate sanitation, and other measures. Crime prevention policy in the Cameroons provides especially harsh measures for embezzlement of public funds and certain other crimes. Furthermore, a national civil service, compulsory for all citizens, aims to prevent crime through reducing unemployment and promoting national development. For related articles, see NCJ 70605.


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