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Tribal Crime Data-Collection Activities, 2020

NCJ Number
Date Published
July 2020
9 pages
Publication Series
As mandated under the Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA) of 2010, the federal Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) presents fiscal year (FY) 2020 crime data-collection activities for the approximately 326 federally recognized tribal lands in the continental United States, with an estimated population of 4.6 million persons, of which 23 percent are American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN).

This report is the tenth in a series that began in 2011. It meets the mandate under the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 that requires BJS to (1) establish and implement a tribal crime data-collection system, (2) consult with Indian tribes to establish and implement this data-collection system, and (3) to report annually to Congress on the data collected and analyzed in accordance with the act. This report describes the data-collection activities during fiscal year (FY) 2020, summarizes the most recent statistical findings on American Indians and Alaska Natives, and discusses BJS funding to enhance tribal participation in national records and information systems.

  • During FY 2020, BJS completed data collection for the 2019 Census of Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies, with a response rate of 92%.
  • From FY 2016 to FY 2019, BJS awarded four grants totaling $755,867 to tribes to improve and automate their criminal-history records and databases.
  • In 2018, the local jail incarceration rate for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIANs) was nearly double the national rate.
  • Among AIAN state prisoners released across 30 states in 2005, about 44% were arrested within one year of release, 69% within 3 years, and 85% within 9 years.

Date Published: July 1, 2020