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Surface-enhanced Raman scattering of molecules adsorbed on Co-doped ZnO nanoparticles

NCJ Number
Journal of Raman Spectroscopy Volume: 43 Issue: 1 Dated: 2011 Pages: 61-64
Date Published
4 pages

Since transition-metal-doped semiconductor nanoparticles (NPs) have been well studied for their optical and catalytic properties but seldom studied by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), the current project investigated transition-metal-doped semiconductor NPs for their SERS property


Four groups of Co-doped (0.5, 1, 3, and 5 percent) ZnO (CoZnO) NPs and pure ZnO NPs were synthesized and studied. When 4-mercaptobenzoic acid was used as probing molecule, significant SERS signals were obtained on all the five samples. Moreover, it is very interesting to observe a relationship between the Co-doping concentration and enhancement of the SERS signals. SERS intensities first increase with doping concentration (up to 1 percent), and then decrease with further increase in doping concentration (up to 5 percent). Charge transfer (CT) is considered the main contribution to this phenomenon. Different CT ratios from substrates to molecules seem to induce different intensities of the SERS signals. In the experiments, the crystalline defects of CoZnO NPs caused by the Co dopant affected the CT ratios. A possible mechanism of CT from the valance band of CoZnO NPs to the lower unoccupied molecular orbital of the molecules via energy of the surface states is suggested. X-ray photoelectron spectra, UVvis spectra, and Raman spectra were used to characterize the structure and defects in CoZnO NPs. (publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2011