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Social Learning and Social Control in the Off- and Online Pathways to Hate Crime and Terrorist Violence

NCJ Number
Studies in Conflict & Terrorism Dated: 2019
Date Published
12 pages
Since there is limited research to date that explores connections between hate crime and terrorism, the study reported in this article used a qualitative case-study method to explore the competing criminological theories of social learning and social control to examine their utility in explaining radicalization among hate and terrorist violent extremists.

The analysis found important similarities and differences across ideology and offender types in their career pathways. The study provides support for the use of an integrated social control-social learning model to explain radicalization and the commission of extremist violence. (publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2019