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Rheological Behavior of Brain Tissue: Experiments vs Theory and Forensic Applications

NCJ Number
Physics of Fluids Volume: 36 Dated: May 2024 Pages: 051904
Date Published
May 2024

In this study, researchers examine the rheological behavior of brain tissue.


In this article, researchers compare experimental data describing the uniaxial compression and relaxation of brain tissue to the predictions from a rheological model developed by Yarin and Kosmerl. A qualitative agreement between the model and experiments with swine brain tissue is confirmed, and the uniformly valid values (i.e., valid in all rheometric experiments without any change) of the rheological parameters are established. These are the values of the following four parameters: G (the shear modulus), κ (the bulk modulus), α (the dimensionless degree of hyperelasticity), and θ (the viscoelastic relaxation time). In addition, the present rheological model with the established rheological parameters is incorporated into a dynamic model of bullet penetration into brain tissue after a short-range shooting, when muzzle gases and/or air fill the bullet channel leading to its widening, wave propagation, fragmentation, and backspatter of brain tissue. This problem is of significant interest in forensic science because there is an urgent need to provide physics-informed models to reconstruct and analyze crime scenes. (Published Abstract Provided)

Date Published: May 1, 2024