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Race, Femininity, and School Suspension

NCJ Number
Youth & Society Dated: 2021
Date Published

This study used student-level data from two national longitudinal multi-site program evaluations, Teens, Crime and the Community/Community Works and the second evaluation of the Gang Resistance Educational and Training program to assess whether the relationship between self-report delinquent behavior and subsequent suspension differs for Black girls relative to other racial/gender groups.


Previous research has suggested that the disproportionate number of Black girls subject to school discipline is not due entirely to their higher levels of misbehavior, but racial and gendered stereotypes surrounding Black girls’ femininity. The current study found some support for racial and gendered disciplinary experiences of Black girls. (Publisher Abstract)

Date Published: January 1, 2021