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Peer Influence, Social Bonding, Physical and Relational Aggression: Perpetration and Victimization in an Elementary School Sample

NCJ Number
Victims and Offenders Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Dated: April-June 2011 Pages: 181-206
Date Published
April 2011
26 pages
This study examined the problem of aggression in school.
Aggression in the school context is a problem that has received increasing attention over the past decade. It is important for the prevention of aggression in school that one understands the etiology of aggression at different ages and grades in school to help us better identify targets for program intervention. The present study draws insights primarily from an integrated theory of problem behavior first proposed by Elliott, Ageton, and Canter (1979) to examine the impacts of internal bonding, external bonding, and peer influence on perpetration of and victimization by physical and relational aggression for students at the elementary school level. Although the research is done in the context of an intervention program to reduce school aggression and bullying, the focus is not on the program itself, but on the nonprogram variables that influence school aggression. This research also represents the extension of research on the integrated theory to a younger age group than has been previously studied in this theoretical context. The results provide support for the integrated theory, and suggest that interventions targeting peer influence and social bonding have promise in reducing aggressive behavior in the schools. (Published Abstract)

Date Published: April 1, 2011