U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

A panel of 74 AISNPs: Improved Ancestry Inference within Eastern Asia

NCJ Number
Forensic Science International: Genetics Volume: 23 Dated: 2016 Pages: 101-110
Date Published
10 pages

In this article, the authors describe their development of a new 74 ancestry informative SNP panel that can distinguish 10 groups of population globally, including Southeast and North Asia as newly assignable clusters.


Many ancestry informative SNP (AISNP) panels have been published. Ancestry resolution in them varies from three to eight continental clusters of populations depending on the panel used, however none of those panels differentiates well among East Asian populations. To meet this need, the authors have developed a 74 AISNP panel after analyzing a much larger number of SNPs for Fst and allele frequency differences between two geographically close population groups within East Asia. The 74 AISNP panel can now distinguish at least 10 biogeographic groups of populations globally: Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Europe, Southwest Asia, South Asia, North Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, Pacific and Americas. Compared with our previous 55-AISNP panel, Southeast Asia and North Asia are two newly assignable clusters. For individual ancestry assignment, the likelihood ratio and ancestry components were analyzed on a different set of 500 test individuals from 11 populations. All individuals from five of the test populations – Yoruba (YRI), European (CEU), Han Chinese in Henan (CHNH), Rondonian Surui (SUR) and Ticuna (TIC) – were assigned to their appropriate geographical regions unambiguously. For the other test populations, most of the individuals were assigned to their self-identified geographical regions with a certain degree of overlap with adjacent populations. These alternative ancestry components for each individual thus help give a clearer picture of the possible group origins of the individual. The authors have demonstrated that the new AISNP panel can achieve a deeper resolution of global ancestry. Publisher Abstract Provided

Date Published: January 1, 2016