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Optimization of Ultrahigh-Speed Multiplex PCR for Forensic Analysis

NCJ Number
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry Volume: 410 Dated: 2018 Pages: 235-245
Date Published
11 pages

This project demonstrated the design and optimization of an ultrafast PCR amplification technique, used with a seven-locus multiplex that is compatible with conventional capillary electrophoresis systems as well as newer microfluidic chip devices.


The procedure involves the use of a high-speed polymerase and a rapid cycling protocol to permit multiplex PCR amplification of forensic short tandem repeat loci in 6.5 min. this article describes the selection and optimization of master mix reagents such as enzyme, buffer, MgCl2, and dNTPs, as well as primer ratios, total volume, and cycle conditions, in order to get the best profile in the shortest time possible. Sensitivity and reproducibility studies are also described. The amplification process utilizes a small high-speed thermocycler and compact laptop, making it portable and potentially useful for rapid, inexpensive on-site genotyping. The seven loci of the multiplex were taken from conventional STR genotyping kits and selected for their size and lack of overlap. Analysis was performed using conventional capillary electrophoresis and microfluidics with fluorescent detection. Overall, this technique provides a more rapid method for rapid sample screening of suspects and victims. (publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2018