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NIJ Journal Issue No. 265

NCJ Number
NIJ Journal Issue: 265 Dated: April 2010 Pages: 1-28
Date Published
April 2010
32 pages
Publication Series
Articles report on research sponsored by or related to the interests of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) in the following areas: elder abuse, officer safety while performing roadway duties, evaluation of a program to improve Indian tribal criminal justice, how Islamic terrorists prepare for their attacks, the use and effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy, and selected findings from longitudinal research on juvenile delinquency.
One article reports on two studies that examined the prevalence of elder abuse and its detection through the forensic examination of the difference between accidental and inflicted bruising. The article concludes with descriptions of elder abuse cases in which prosecutors and victim-witness advocates have cooperated in gaining convictions. A second article provides an overview of State laws that pertain to elder abuse and identifies the factors that improve or impede the successful prosecution of such cases. Another article reports on several studies that address roadway safety for police and fire-service personnel involved in traveling to and managing traffic accidents and vehicle stops. A fourth article reports on the evaluation of the Comprehensive Indian Resources for Community and Law Enforcement Project (CIRCLE), which aims to improve criminal justice systems of three Indian tribes by reducing crime and improving safety. This is followed by a research report on how Islamic terrorists in Britain and Spain have acquired the experience and expertise needed to conduct their deadly attacks. Based on research that has shown cognitive behavioral therapy to be more effective in reducing further criminal behavior than any other intervention, an article discusses the influence of beliefs, attitudes, and values on behavior and how these can be influenced to develop positive behaviors through cognitive behavioral therapy. The concluding article reports on a review of longitudinal research on juvenile delinquency issues.

Date Published: April 1, 2010