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NIJ Journal Issue No. 237

NCJ Number
Date Published
October 1998
50 pages
Publication Series
This issue of the National Institute of Justice Journal features an article on addiction as a chronic-relapsing disease of the brain, and other articles that include six summarized papers on the reasoning behind the decline in crime; the adaptation of defense technologies to the world of criminal justice, specifically border patrol; the harnessing in of international best practice; and the use of city-level surveys as a tool in crime prevention efforts and to foster local-level research.
In its continued efforts to spread the word of successful programs and achievements in criminal justice, the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice (NIJ) developed the National Institute of Justice Journal. This issue of the journal begins with a summary of a message delivered by Dr. Alan I. Leshner from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) which presents an understanding of addiction as a brain disease. Additional articles presented include: (1) six summarized papers on facets of the decline in crime during the past several years presented at a 1998 NIJ conference; (2) the adaptation of the defense technology IDENT system within the INS border patrol to digitally identify apprehended aliens and trace recidivist entrants; (3) a summary of the International Center for the Prevention of Crime’s (ICPC) work program and best practice to assist cities and countries in reducing delinquency, violence, and insecurity; and (4) the conducting of crime victimization surveys in 12 cities, developed by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics and the Office of Community Oriented Policing to foster local-level research and better understand community policing. Additional information is provided on upcoming meetings and conferences and recently released publications.

Date Published: October 1, 1998