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Intimate Partner Violence, Social Support, and Employment in the Post-Welfare Reform Era

NCJ Number
Journal of Interpersonal Violence Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Dated: March 2007 Pages: 345-367
Date Published
March 2007
23 pages

This study examined relationships among intimate partner violence, social support, and employment in a sample of low-income women in Illinois.


This prospective study used 3 years of longitudinal data to explore relationships among intimate partner violence (IPV), perceived emotional and material social support, employment stability, and job turnover among current and former female welfare recipients in the immediate post-welfare reform era. Higher levels of current IPV and lower levels of current social support predicted less stable future employment; however, current employment stability did not predict either future IPV or future social support. Current social support did not predict future IPV, and perceived social support did not mediate the relationship between IPV and employment stability during a 3-year period. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.

Date Published: March 1, 2007