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Impact of Probation on the Criminal Activities of Offenders

NCJ Number
Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency Volume: 36 Issue: 4 Dated: November 1999 Pages: 423-453
Date Published
31 pages

This study examines the impact of probation on the criminal activities of offenders.


In comparison to the year before arrest, the number of offenders self-reporting criminal activity declined, as did the rate of offending among those who continued to offend. The crime reduction effect of probation was mainly a result of its effect on property and dealing crimes. Probation was not significantly associated with reductions in person or forgery/fraud offenses. A Linear Structural Relationships analysis of the agent-response model investigated the impact of probation on self-reported criminal activities and probation violations during the first 6 months of probation. Analysis indicated that probation violations were associated with criminal activity. However, increases in the intrusiveness of conditions, in the agent's knowledge of misbehavior or in how the agent responded to misbehavior were not associated with either criminal activity or violations of conditions. Tables, figures, appendix, notes, references

Date Published: January 1, 1999