U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Gunshot Detection Technology Time Savings and Spatial Precision: An Exploratory Analysis in Kansas City

NCJ Number
Policing Volume: 17 Dated: 2023
Date Published

The authors of this article examine the level to which gunshot detection technology is able to obtain accurate spatial data from acoustic sensors, rather than reported addresses from emergency 9-1-1 calls, based on the first five years of use in Kansas City, Missouri.


Gunshot detection technology (GDT) is expected to impact gun violence by accelerating the discovery and response to gunfire. GDT should further collect more accurate spatial data, as gunfire is assigned to coordinates measured by acoustic sensors rather than addresses reported via 9-1-1 calls for service (CFS). The current study explores the level to which GDT achieves these benefits over its first 5 years of operation in Kansas City, Missouri. Data systems are triangulated to determine the time and location gunfire was reported by GDT and CFS. The temporal and spatial distances between GDT and CFS are then calculated. Findings indicate GDT generates time savings and increases spatial precision as compared to CFS. This may facilitate police responses to gunfire events and provide more spatially accurate data to inform policing strategies. Results of generalized linear and multinomial logistic regression models indicate that GDT benefits are influenced by a number of situational factors. (Publisher Abstract Provided)

Date Published: January 1, 2023