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Criminal offense charges in women: A 10-year follow-up of an RCT of treatment foster care Oregon

NCJ Number
Journal of Consulting and Clincial Psychology Volume: 90 Issue: 12 Dated: 2022 Pages: 901-910
Date Published
10 pages

This paper examines the effects of Treatment Foster Care Oregon (TFCO)


This study examined whether the effects of Treatment Foster Care Oregon (TFCO) are present across a 10-year period, and whether criminal offenses accrued in the juvenile justice system mediate the association between intervention condition and cumulative criminal offenses through emerging adulthood. Intensive out-of-home interventions that reduce juvenile offenses for youth with chronic delinquency may have sustained effects on adult criminality. Implications for prevention programs for female adolescents are discussed. Treatment Foster Care Oregon, delivered during adolescence, can be an effective intervention to reduce cumulative offending into emerging adulthood for females. This reduction is largely driven by reductions in juvenile criminal offenses, suggesting adolescence as a key window for attaining sustained prevention effects. The prevention of delinquency can have long-term benefits for both the individual and society. Previous work has demonstrated positive effects of TFCO on reducing delinquency across a 2-year period for adolescent females involved in the juvenile justice system. The sample included 166 women (68% non-Hispanic White) who had been court mandated to out-of-home care as adolescents, randomly assigned to one of two interventions, and followed for an average of 10 years. Juvenile (< 18 years of age) and adult criminal records data were collected and coded for offense severity. Analyses revealed a significant effect of the TFCO intervention on cumulative criminal offense charge severity across the 10-year follow-up period (β = −.15, p < .05). This effect was mediated by offense charges that occurred after the baseline assessment and prior to Age 18, as shown through a significant indirect effect, β = −.09, p < .05, suggesting the importance of reductions in juvenile delinquency on later criminal offending. (Published Abstract Provided)

Date Published: January 1, 2022