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What Are the Options?: Pricing and Taxation Policy Reforms to Redress Excessive Alcohol Consumption and Related Harms in Australia

NCJ Number
Natacha Carragher; Jenny Chalmers
Date Published
80 pages
This study provided information to policymakers regarding useful taxation and pricing policy levers to redress alcohol-related harm in the Australian community.
This study examines tighter regulatory controls as a response to growing public health concerns regarding excessive alcohol consumption and related harms in Australia. Results show that measures which increase alcohol prices and taxes, in particular, are considered most effective for reducing alcohol consumption and related harms. Each policy holds some promise, and it appears that these strategies would be more successful when used in combination rather than an individual uncoordinated strategies. This report presents a review of pricing and taxation policy levers that have been considered and/or implemented nationally and internationally. The policies reviewed include: alcohol taxation and differential price by beverage; special/additional taxation on alcopops; minimum pricing; and bans on price discounts and promotions. Industry response to these policy initiatives is discussed, in addition to the role of public opinion in policymaking, and the issue of substitution and complementarily with other drugs. Data were collected from scientific literature as well as government reports, media releases, and related Web sites which reflect the most up-to-date policy proposals and developments. Figures, tables, notes, and references