U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Voluntary Turnover of Field Operations Officers: A Test of Confluency Theory

NCJ Number
Journal of Criminal Justice Volume: 27 Issue: 6 Dated: November /December 1999 Pages: 483-493
Louis M. Harris; J. Norman Baldwin
Kent B. Joscelyn
Date Published
December 1999
11 pages
This article explores classic and contemporary explanations for voluntary police turnover in one of the largest police departments in the Southeast, the Birmingham (Alabama) Police Department (BPD).
The article specifically tests confluency theory and eight variables associated with job satisfaction as predictors of turnover among field operations officers. Confluency theory, an untested theory, attributes police turnover to an absence of pre-employment job awareness and to incongruities between job expectations and job realities. A survey of 232 current officers and 60 former officers disagreed with conventional wisdom and the majority of turnover research findings. Former BPD officers were generally more satisfied with their jobs in the BPD than current officers. Logistic regression further indicated that confluency theory and the job satisfaction variables investigated are poor predictors of field operations officers who leave the BPD. Tables, note, references


No download available