U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Victims' Rights, Restitution, and Retribution

NCJ Number
W M Evers
Date Published
50 pages
This document examines victims' rights and proposes reforms that would reorient the criminal justice system to a theory of punishment called punitive restitution, which is mainly restitutive in character and which also serves the need of victims for retribution through its punitive measures.
The discussion notes that punitive restitution both obtains full restitution and stigmatizes the criminal for wrongdoing, seeking a further unpleasant burden as a penalty for violating the rights of others. The analysis also covers the history and current status of restitution and victims' rights issues related to the perpetration of the crime and its immediate aftermath, the criminal investigation, plea bargaining and prosecution, sentencing, and the period after corrections are complete or have ended. Japanese law and practice are also discussed as an example of the use of offender restitution. Footnotes and lists of other publications from the same institution


No download available