U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

NCJRS Virtual Library

The Virtual Library houses over 235,000 criminal justice resources, including all known OJP works.
Click here to search the NCJRS Virtual Library

Unraveling Victim-Offender Overlap: Exploring Profiles and Constellations of Risk

NCJ Number
Victims and Offenders Volume: 7 Issue: 3 Dated: July - September 2012 Pages: 327-360
Joan A. Reid; Christopher J. Sullivan
Date Published
July 2012
34 pages
This research examines the link between victimization and offending.
Victim-offenders are generally considered a distinct group with one or more shared characteristics; however, some have suggested possible victim-offender subgroups with varied victimization-offending patterns. The potential for victim-offender subgroups was assessed within a nationally representative sample of 1,000 youth using latent class analysis. Regression of relevant covariates on analytically derived subgroups allowed for further identification of the nature of these groups. Three victim-offender types emerged: the general victim-offender class linked extensive victimization and offending by acutely angry and anxious youth from extremely strained families; the bullied-combative class linked being bullied with peer assault by younger, emotionally vulnerable youth; and the abused-substance use class linked child maltreatment and sexual violence with substantial substance use by poorly supervised, angry, and anxious youth. Abstract published by arrangement with Taylor and Francis.