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School Strictness and Disproportionate Minority Contact: Investigating Racial and Ethnic Disparities with the "School-to-Prison Pipeline

NCJ Number
Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Dated: 2018 Pages: 241-259
Miner P. Marchbanks III; Anthony A. Peguero; Kay S. Varela; Jamilia J. Blake; John M. Eason
Date Published
19 pages
This study obtained data from the Texas Education Agency's Public Education Information Management System to examine the relationship between school discipline practices and juvenile justice contact, with a focus on racial and ethnic disparities in urban, rural, and suburban schools.
There are racial and ethnic disparities associated with school discipline practices and juvenile justice contact. In addition, research suggests that stricter school discipline practices and disproportionate minority contact for minority youth are relatively more prevalent in urban areas. What remains unknown, however, is the relationship between race and ethnicity, school discipline practices, and juvenile justice referrals across urban, rural, and suburban schools. The current study's findings indicate that both stringent and lenient school discipline practices have effects on juvenile justice referrals, as well as racial and ethnic disparities across distinct school locations; however, there are important and distinctive nuances that are presented and examined. (publisher abstract modified)