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Law Enforcement on Indian Lands: Hearing Before the California Senate Judiciary Committee, January 22, 1985

NCJ Number
Date Published
138 pages
This 1985 hearing before a committee of the California Legislature heard speakers representing Indian tribes, law enforcement agencies, and Federal and State agencies regarding issues related to law enforcement with respect to the 103 Federally recognized tribes in the State.
A speaker noted that Federal Law 280 enacted in 1953 transferred Federal jurisdiction over civil and criminal matters on reservations to any State requesting it. California requested such jurisdiction, despite opposition from tribal councils. Other speakers noted that confusion exists regarding how far State and county law enforcement officials may go into Federal Indian land on criminal matters and asserted that a double standard exists for law enforcement. Proposed solutions included State legislation to authorize county and city governments to negotiate and enter agreements with tribal governments to resolve jurisdictional disputes and that the legislature fund model law enforcement programs on Indian reservations. Additional recommendations and appended written testimony.