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Juvenile Male Rape Victims: Is the Level of Post-Traumatic Stress Related to Personality and Parenting?

NCJ Number
Child Abuse & Neglect Volume: 22 Issue: 9 Dated: September 1998 Pages: 889-899
V V Ruchkin; M Eisemann; B Hagglof
Date Published
11 pages
This article assesses the level of post-traumatic stress in juvenile male rape victims and its relationships with perceived parental rearing and personality dimensions.
Fifteen subjects (mean age of 16 years) were recruited from a correctional camp for juvenile criminals in Arkhangelsk, Russia. They were examined via the Revised Impact of Event Scale, the Child Self-Report Post-Traumatic Stress Reaction Index, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the EMBU (perceived parental rearing) and the Temperament and Character Inventory. The level of post-traumatic stress, in most cases moderate to high, correlated with the temperament dimensions of harm avoidance and reward dependence. The total level of post-traumatic stress reaction was negatively correlated with paternal emotional warmth and positively with paternal rejection. The study notes the need for psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment in prisons, and the need for careful detection and isolation of those who have been victimized. Tables, figure, references