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International Corrections - An Overview

NCJ Number
Date Published
82 pages
Movements in international corrections and a number of foreign correctional systems are examined in 10 articles.
The history of international collaboration in corrections is traced from the first congress in 1846 through the congresses sponsored by the United Nations (UN). Topics addressed by the UN congresses between 1955 and 1985 are reviewed, with a focus on the ever-broadening scope of topics. Difficulties with foreign incarceration are reviewed, and the benefits of inmate transfer treaties are considered. Areas for reform in Nigeria's prisons are outlined. Community corrections programs in Sweden are described. Inmate management in England and Scotland is discussed, and the special stresses affecting correctional officers in Northern Ireland are described. Adult and juvenile correctional institutions in China also are described. Finally, responses to prison overcrowding in United Kingdom, United States, and France are discussed. Chapter references.