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Hate Crime Victimization, 2005-2019

NCJ Number
Grace Kena; Alexandra Thompson
Date Published
September 2021
24 pages

This report presents National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) data on hate crime victimizations from 2005 to 2019. Hate crimes in the NCVS include violent and property crimes that the victim perceived to be motivated by bias against the victim's race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, disability, sexual orientation, or religion. It includes crimes reported and not reported to police. The report examines the number of hate crimes over time, characteristics of hate crimes, perceived bias motivations for these hate crimes, reporting to police and reasons hate crimes were not reported, and demographic characteristics of victims and offenders.


  • In 2019, there were 1.0 violent hate crime victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older.
  • Hate crime victimizations accounted for 1.6% of all nonfatal victimizations in 2019, up from 0.9% in 2005.
  • During 2015-19, nearly two-thirds (62%) of hate crime victimizations were simple assaults.
  • A bias against the victim’s race, ethnicity, or national origin was the most common motivation for nonfatal violent hate crimes during 2015-19.