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Delinquency, Identity, and Involvement in Relationship Violence

NCJ Number
Criminology Volume: 37 Issue: 1 Dated: February 1999 Pages: 17-40
Peggy C. Giordano; Toni J. Millhollin; Stephen A. Cernkovich; M. D. Pugh; Jennifer L. Rudolph
Date Published
February 1999
24 pages
Factors associated with self-reports of perpetration of dating violence were examined using data from personal interviews with 942 men and women who were first interviewed in 1982 in Toledo, Ohio, when they were 12-19 years old, and who were interviewed again in 1992.
The follow-up interviews involved 721 of the participants. The interviews gathered information on adolescent involvement in juvenile delinquency, physical violence in relationships, identity, and demographic factors. Results revealed that the level of juvenile delinquency in adolescence was a significant predictor of adult reports of involvement in relationship violence for both male and female participants. In addition, women's scores on the Conflict Tactics scale were related to adolescent and adult identities; women who reported that they had been regarded as troublemakers as adolescents and who endorsed statements indexing an angry self-concept in adulthood had higher scores than other women. Findings suggested that a social learning basis may exist for female as well as male expressions of violence, although male perpetration represents a much more serious social and public health problem. Tables, footnotes, appended methodological information and table, and 57 references (Author abstract modified)