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Relationship of Risk, Needs, and Personality Classification Systems and Prison Adjustment

NCJ Number
Criminal Justice and Behavior Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Dated: (December 1988) Pages: 454-471
Date Published
18 pages
This study compares different inmate classification systems -- risk assessment, Megargee's MMPI typology, and Toch's Prison Preference Inventory -- to determine which best distinguishes inmates who experience adjustment problems.
Findings indicated that none of the three schemes is clearly superior. Each possesses its own advantages and disadvantages. Interestingly, risk assessment distinguished inmates who receive institutional recognition as experiencing some problem. It differentiated inmates cited for aggressive disciplinary infractions and those who report to sick call. The Megargee and Toch systems distinguish inmates who reported they experienced adjustment problems. (Author abstract)

Date Published: January 1, 1988