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Communities, Crime, and Neighborhood Organization

NCJ Number
Crime & Delinquency Volume: 35 Issue: 3 Dated: special issue (July 1989) Pages: 437-457
Date Published
21 pages
It is widely believed that voluntary action by neighborhood residents can play an important role in maintaining order. However, the ability of individuals to act in defense of their community is constrained by the opportunities for action that are available to them.
Participation in collective efforts against crime is confined to places where the existence of local organizations makes that possible. The distribution of group activity across the metropolitan landscape thus defines the "opportunity structure" for local collective action. This article examines the impact of serious crime, the economic and social resources residents have to draw upon to deal with neighborhood problems, and their characteristic relationships with the police, upon those opportunities to participate in organized efforts to combat crime. 48 references, 1 table, 1 figure. (Author abstract)

Date Published: January 1, 1989