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Associations among Trauma Exposure, Callous-Unemotionality, Race or Ethnicity, and Gang Involvement in Justice-Involved Youth

NCJ Number
302753
Journal
Criminal Justice and Behavior Dated: 2020
Author(s)
Date Published
2020
Annotation

This study examined the association between trauma exposure and gang involvement and whether these interrelations were explained by callous-unemotionality (CU), and it also considered whether associations among these variables differed based on race or ethnicity. 

Abstract

A sample of 829 justice-involved youth (74 percent boys, 45 percent participants of color) recruited from a detention center completed self-report measures of trauma exposure, CU, and gang involvement. A moderated mediation analysis indicated that CU helped explain the association between trauma exposure and gang involvement for non-Hispanic White participants only. In contrast, the direct association between trauma exposure and gang involvement was significant across racial or ethnic groups. These findings highlight the importance of a trauma-informed perspective on intervening and preventing gang involvement among youth. (publisher abstract modified)

Date Published: January 1, 2020

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