U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs

Statutes and Regulations

OCR's enforcement responsibilities are derived from civil rights requirements contained in the following several nondiscrimination statutes and regulations:

  • The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 1994, as amended, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, or disability in programs authorized under VAWA. (42 U.S.C. § 13925(b)(13)). A chart of grant programs generally covered by this nondiscrimination grant condition is located here.
  • The Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, or sex, in OJP, OVW, and COPS funded programs or activities. (42 U.S.C. § 3789d and 28 C.F.R. §42.201 et seq.) A chart of grant programs generally covered by this nondiscrimination provision is located here.
  • The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, or sex in OJP funded programs or activities (42 U.S.C. § 5672(b)). A chart of grant programs generally covered by this nondiscrimination provision is located here.
  • Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color or national origin in OJP and COPS funded programs or activities. (42 U.S.C. § 2000d and 28 C.F.R. §42.101 et seq.)
  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in OJP and COPS funded programs or activities. (29 U.S.C. § 794 and 28 C.F.R. § 42.501 et seq.)
  • Section 1407 of the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) of 1984, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, or disability in VOCA funded programs or activities (42 U.S.C. § 10604). A chart of grant programs generally covered by this nondiscrimination provision is located here.
  • Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as it relates to discrimination on the basis of disability in OJP or COPS funded programs or activities. (42 U.S.C. § 12132 and 28 C.F.R. Pt. 35).
  • Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, as it relates to discrimination on the basis of sex in OJP and COPS funded training or educational programs. (20 U.S.C. § 1681 and 28 C.F.R. pt 54).
  • The Age Discrimination Act of 1975 as it relates to services discrimination on the basis of age in OJP or COPS funded programs or activities. (42 U.S.C. § 6102 and 28 C.F.R. § 42.700 et seq.)
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