4: Preventing Violence Against Women
OJP works to prevent violence against women by helping improve the criminal
justice response to the crimes of domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking. OJP tests
new approaches to prevent violence against women, investigate cases, and prosecute
offenders. OJP also supports programs to assist women crime victims and conducts
research and statistical analyses to help increase our understanding of the problem of
violence against women.
- The STOP (Services, Training, Officers, and Prosecutors) Violence Against
Women Formula Grants, OJP's largest funding program in this area, is designed to
develop and strengthen law enforcement and prosecutorial strategies to combat
violent crimes against women and develop and enhance services for victims. OJP's
Violence Against Women Office (VAWO) provides funding to state administrative
agencies that, in turn, award subgrants to local programs. Each state and territory
must allocate 25 percent of the funds it receives to law enforcement programs, 25
percent to prosecution programs, and 25 percent to nonprofit, nongovernmental
victim service programs. For information about obtaining STOP subgrant funds,
contact your state's coordinator, listed in the Online Resource Guide.
- The STOP Violence Against Indian Women Discretionary Grant program is
designed to develop and strengthen tribal law enforcement and prosecutorial
strategies to combat violent crime against Indian women and develop and enhance
services for the victims of such crimes. Tribes must allocate funds in the same
proportion as STOP formula funds.
- The Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies program is a discretionary grant program
to encourage states, units of local government, and Indian tribal governments to
treat domestic violence as a serious violation of criminal law. Grants can support
initiatives in a number of purpose areas, including implementation of mandatory or
pro-arrest policies, improvements in tracking of domestic violence cases,
strengthening of legal advocacy services for victims of domestic violence, and
development of coordinated computer tracking systems to ensure communication
among police, prosecutors, and the courts.
- The Rural Domestic Violence and Child Victimization Enforcement Discretionary
Grant program is designed to help address the unique needs of rural communities
in dealing with domestic violence and child abuse. The program encourages
community involvement in developing a coordinated response to domestic violence
and child abuse.
- Through the Civil Legal Assistance Grant Program, OJP makes funding available
to law school legal clinics assisting battered women; legal advocacy programs
operated out of or under the auspices of domestic violence victim advocacy
organizations and shelters; programs to recruit, train, and coordinate attorneys
who will provide pro bono civil legal assistance to domestic violence victims; and a
broad range of other civil legal assistance activities. For more information about
this program, call the Violence Against Women Office at 202/307-6026.
- The Grants to Combat Violent Crimes Against Women on Campuses program
provides funding to higher education institutions to enhance victims services and to
strengthen security and investigation strategies. The program is designed to help
colleges and universities address unique circumstances of victimization on
campuses by developing response systems that include victims services, campus
law enforcement, housing officials, student organizations, and disciplinary boards.
For more information about this program, call the Violence Against Women Office
- OJP's Office for Victims of Crime administers the State Victims Assistance
formula grant program. States provide subgrant funding to local organizations
that serve victims of crime, including domestic violence shelters and rape crisis
centers. For information about OVC subgrant funding available in your state,
contact the state administrator for crime victim services, listed in the Online
- Funding for innovative programs for women crime victims may also be available
through OVC's discretionary grant program. Information about OVC programs is
published in the OJP Program Plan, which is available by calling the Department of
Justice Response Center at 1-800/42-6770. You may also visit the OVC Website
at www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc, which includes links to organizations that serve victims
of domestic violence, stalking, sexual assault, and rape.
For more information or to request an application kit for any of the above
programs, contact the DOJ Response Center at 1-800/421-6770. Application kits for
most programs are also available through OJP's Website at www.ojp.usdoj.gov.
Training and Technical Assistance Opportunities
- The Violence Against Women Office administers a comprehensive training and
technical assistance program for its grantees and subgrantees. Grantees and others
can keep informed about upcoming conferences and training sessions by checking
the training and technical assistance section of VAWO's Website, which is located
at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/VAWO. Information is also available by calling
VAWO at 202/307-6026.
- The STOP Violence Against Women Technical Assistance Project offers technical
assistance to states and subgrantees under the STOP Formula Grant Program. The
project offers technical assistance through phone consultation, training meetings,
individualized on-site consultations, and written training materials. The project is
administered by the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence, in
conjunction with Battered Women's Justice Project and the National Resource
Center on Domestic Violence. For more information, contact the STOP T.A.
Project by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone at 1-800/256-5883.
- The Battered Women's Justice Project provides training, technical assistance and
other resources on domestic violence related to civil court access and
representation, criminal justice response, and battered women's self-defense.
BWJP is supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (For
more information, call BWJP toll-free at 1-800/903-0111 or by TTY at
- OVC provides training and technical assistance to strengthen victim assistance in a
variety of disciplines, including violence against women. For detailed information,
see Chapter 8.
- OJP's Violence Against Women Office collaborates with the Minnesota Center
Against Violence and Abuse to support an on-line clearinghouse that is devoted to
providing law, criminal justice, advocacy, and social service professionals with
up-to-date information on interventions to stop violence against women. Topics
addressed include full faith and credit, promising practices, law enforcement,
prosecution and probation, advocacy, stalking, batterer programs, child custody
and protection, and research issues pertaining to violence against women. The
Website is located at www.vaw.umn.edu.
- The Department of Health and Human Services is involved in a number of
initiatives relating to violence against women as a women's health issue. HHS
administers grants for women's shelters and related services, such as community
outreach and prevention and children's counseling. Also, HHS provides grants to
states for rape prevention and education programs conducted by rape crisis centers
or similar nongovernmental, nonprofit entities. (For more information on HHS
programs, call the HHS Office of Public Affairs at 202/690-7850 or visit the HHS
Website at www.dhhs.gov.) HHS also operates the National Domestic Violence
Hotline, a 24-hour, toll-free service which provides crisis assistance and local
shelter referrals for callers across the country. The voice number is
1-800/799-SAFE, and the TDD number for the hearing impaired is
- VAWnet, the National Electronic Network on Violence Against Women, is a
project of the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence and the
Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence, with support from the U.S.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. VAWnet is an effort to enhance the
work of state domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions and allied national
organizations through the use of electronic networking. More information on
VAWnet is available from the NRCDV at 1-800/537-2238 or by TTY at 1-800/553-2508.
For more information
OJP has published many statistical reports, program descriptions, and research
reports addressing violence against women. All OJP publications, as well as publications
of many other criminal justice organizations, are available through the National Criminal
Justice Reference Service. For information, call NCJRS at 1-800/851-3420. In addition,
users of NCJRS' Website, the Justice Information Center, can search and print the full text
of thousands of documents. The Web address is www.ncjrs.org.
For more information about OJP and its bureaus, contact OJP's Office of
Congressional and Public Affairs at 202/307-0703 or visit OJP's Website at
www.ojp.usdoj.gov. The site contains links to all of the bureaus and program offices, as
well as to the National Criminal Justice Reference Service.
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