6: Encouraging Innovation in Corrections

According to a BJS study, 5.5 million people were on probation, in jail or prison, or on parole at yearend 1996, representing 2.8 percent of all U.S. adult residents. Recognizing the tremendous costs associated with incarcerating and monitoring these individuals, OJP is dedicated to helping state and local authorities manage their correctional populations. Through formula grants, OJP provides funding to states to construct juvenile detention or correctional facilities, increase bed space for violent offenders, and treat prisoners with substance abuse addictions while they are incarcerated. OJP also supports research to identify promising innovations in corrections and disseminates information on what works to state and local corrections authorities.

Funding Resources

OJP's largest corrections grants are awarded to the states through formula awards. For information on the Violent Offender Incarceration/Truth in Sentencing and Residential Substance Abuse Treatment programs, please refer to the formula grants section of this publication. Information about subgrants is available from the state point of contact for these formula grant programs, listed in the Online Resource Guide. In addition, states can elect to use funding through OJJDP's Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grant program to increase programming in juvenile detention and correctional facilities and to train personnel. Information on this grant program is also listed in the formula grants chapter, and the point of contact for your state is listed in the Online Resource Guide.

Some specialized discretionary funding may be available through OJP from the following programs:

Training and Technical Assistance Resources

Other Resources

For More Information

The National Criminal Justice Reference Service maintains one of the world's largest collections of criminal justice information resources and serves as a publication clearinghouse for OJP, its bureaus, and the Office of National Drug Control Policy. NCJRS has information on correctional statistics, innovative corrections-related programs, and organizations and agencies in the corrections field. For information, call NCJRS at 1-800/851-3420, or visit the NCJRS Website at www.ncjrs.org.

For more information, call OJP's Office of Congressional and Public Affairs at 202/307-0703 or the Department of Justice Response Center at 1-800/421-6770.

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